The Department’s website published an article China’s unemployment surge phenomenon does not appear-三色网 333se.cc

Ministry of human resources and social networking website published article: China will not appear a surge of unemployment phenomenon, China will not present a surge of unemployment phenomenon – University of International Business and Economics professor Li Changan on employment situation this year, the economy is facing downward pressure increasing situation. In this context, many people worry that such external environment will lead to increased unemployment Recently, the reporter interviewed Li Changan, director of the Department of labor and social security of University of International Business and Economics. He told reporters that this year our country will not appear unemployment surge phenomenon, China’s employment situation is generally stable, even from the international point of view, China’s unemployment rate index is not too high. Li Changan said that both urban registered unemployment rate, or the international census of unemployment rate, compared to other countries, China’s unemployment rate indicators are not too high. For example, the so-called "full employment" of the United States, the unemployment rate is now more than 5%, and some European countries unemployment rate is more than 10%. Under the pressure of economic downward pressure, China’s stable employment situation first benefited from the adjustment of industrial structure. At present, the proportion of China’s third industry is more than 50%, and the service industry has made great contributions to employment. Secondly, the mass upsurge of entrepreneurship, the highly innovative employment effect previews. The data show that the number of newly registered enterprises is more than 1 per day. Before experts believe that in the context of economic downward pressure, some small and medium enterprises will fail, jobs will be affected, and in the country to production, to inventory, industry overcapacity adjustment may spread to millions of jobs. However, in Li Changan’s view, from the macro economic situation, large scale, more than 10 million people will not appear in the late 90s. Because the situation has changed a lot since the late 90s of the last century. "The state has taken a number of effective measures." Li Changan explained this, "for example, the public entrepreneurship and innovation policies that have just been mentioned, such as the internal digestion mechanism in the process of inventory and production capacity. The government guaranteed to stabilize the post give way to meet the conditions of the enterprise support, many enterprises through technical training or job transfer etc., make the redundant workers qualified for new jobs, no need to release into the community." The present economic growth has greatly changed the ability to absorb employment as compared with before. Li Changan, for example, said, in the past, GDP growth of 1 percentage points each, can drive about 1 million jobs, and now GDP growth of 1 percentage points each, can drive about 1 million 500 thousand people employment. In recent years, the number of college graduates in China has increased year by year, and this year’s employment of college graduates is still concerned by the community. The problem of College Students’ employment is not only now, even before the enrollment expansion of colleges and universities in 1999, it is not easy for college students to obtain employment. In 1998, the first employment rate of graduates directly under the Ministry of education was only about 70%." Li Changan believes that the employment of Chinese college students should be viewed with a dynamic view. Li Changan pointed out that although the adjustment of China’s industrial structure is temporary

人社部网站刊文:我国不会出现失业骤增现象   当前中国我国不会出现失业骤增现象――对外经济贸易大学教授李长安谈今年就业局势   经济面临下行压力加大的情况。在这个背景下,许多人担心,如此外部环境是否会导致下岗失业增多?近日,记者就相关热点问题,采访了对外经济贸易大学劳动与社会保障系主任李长安教授。他告诉记者,今年我国不会出现失业骤增现象,中国的就业局势总体稳定,即使从国际上看,中国的失业率指标也并不太高。   李长安表示,无论是城镇登记失业率,还是国际通行的调查失业率,相较于其他国家,中国的失业率指标都不太高。比如号称“充分就业”的美国,失业率目前也在5%以上,欧洲有的国家失业率超过10%。在经济下行压力加大的情况下,中国稳定的就业形势首先得益于产业结构的调整。目前,我国的第三产业的比重超过50%,服务业对就业作出了很大的贡献。其次,大众创业、万众创新的热潮解决就业效果初显。有关数据显示,全国每天新注册的企业超过1万家。   之前有专家认为,在经济下行压力加大的背景下,有的中小型企业会倒闭,就业岗位随之会受到冲击,而且在国家去产能、去库存的过程中,产能过剩行业的调整可能会波及到几百万人的就业岗位。但是,在李长安看来,从整个宏观经济形势来看,像上世纪90年代末出现的大规模、超过上千万人失业的情况不会出现。因为与上世纪90年代末相比,现在的情况已经发生了很大的变化。   “国家已经采取了不少有效的措施。”李长安对此诠释道,“比如刚才提到的大众创业、万众创新的政策,再比如,在去库存、去产能过程中的内部消化机制。政府通过保企稳岗的方式给予符合条件的企业一定的扶持,许多企业通过技能培训或者转岗等方式,使富余的劳动者能够胜任新的岗位,无需释放进入社会。”   现在的经济增长吸纳就业的能力相比于以前也发生了较大的变化。李长安举例道,过去,GDP每增长1个百分点,可带动100万人左右的就业,而现在GDP每增长1个百分点,则可带动150万人左右的就业。   近年来,我国高校毕业生的数量连年增加,今年高校毕业生的就业依然备受社会各界的关注。“大学生就业难问题不是现在才有的,即使在1999年高校扩招以前,大学生就业也并不容易。1998年教育部公布的直属院校毕业生初次就业率也只有70%左右。”李长安认为,要用动态的眼光看待中国大学生就业问题。   李长安指出,虽然目前我国产业结构的调整暂时还跟不上人才结构的调整,宏观经济形势对大学生的吸纳能力也不太强,但是从国际上看,我国大学生的初次就业率和二次就业率仍处于中上水平。“比如印度的大学生初次就业率不到50%,而我国的大学生初次就业率为70%左右、二次就业率则超过了90%。”   对于2015年掀起的大众创业、万众创新热潮,李长安对此表示肯定。“往年,我国的大学生创业率仅为1%到2%,我相信2015年大学生创业的比例肯定会比往年高。”他举例说,他所在的学院便有两名学生休学创业,而且创办的企业运行良好。“这股热潮很好地激发了大学生创业的积极性和潜能,对于增加大学生的社会实践经历,提高大学生的素质有着极大的作用。”   “其实,我们会发现,现在要找一份工作并不难。”李长安告诉记者,现在不少企业四处张贴着招聘广告,从沿海地区到内陆城市,不少地区都出现了不同程度的“招工难”现象。“我们要保障劳动者的体面就业,维护劳动者的合法权益,而提高就业质量是目前就业工作的当务之急。”(林晓洁) 进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论相关的主题文章: